Nepal is a landlocked nation where the main mode of transportation for both passengers and load is the road. For Nepal, transportation has always been a difficult aspect. Since many years ago, people have been hiking Nepal's mountains. Only a small number of highway in Nepal have better engineering, and there are several roads that connect to major highways. Conditions of Highway in Nepal range from mountainous, pothole-filled roads to well-kept, two-lane highways. The scenery varies regularly throughout highways in Nepal as they pass through forests, plains, fields, villages, and towns. This preserves the novelty of the vista while you travel for hours. Here are top five main highways in Nepal:
The Mahendra Highway ( महेन्द्र राजमार्ग ), also known as the East-West Highway,traverses the Terai area of Nepal, stretching across the full width of the nation from Mechinagar in the east to Bhim Datta in the west. It is the longest highway in Nepal and was built with international collaboration.
For nearly 1027.67 km kilometers, the roadway runs through the Terai from east to west . This highway, Nepal's longest to date, runs from KakarBhitta (Mechi Nagar) to West Mahendra Nagar in the east. On this roadway, the central portion is where Bharatpur City and the Chitwan Valley are situated. Mechinagar, Bhadrapur, Itahari, Janakpur, Bharatpur, Butwal, Siddharthanagar, Nepalganj, and Bhim Dutta are the principal towns along and around the route of this highway. Birtamod, Damak, Inaruwa, Lahan, Narayangadh, Bardibas, and Chisapani are other towns on the Mahendra Highway.
The Tribhuvan highway ( त्रिभुवन राजपथ) is Nepal's first and oldest highway in Nepal which stretches from Birgunj/Raxaul on the Nepal-India border to the borders of Kathmandu. Its overall length is 116 kilometers (72 miles) from north to south. It was named in memory of King Tribhuvan (1906–1955). It was built in 1956 with Indian assistance, and it provided the first serviceable road connection with India.
This route is also known by its informal name, Byroad. East-West Highway and Tribhuvan Highway intersect in Naubise and Hetauda, respectively. On a good day, the Himalayas reach from Dhaulagiri in the west to Everest in the east along this roadway, passing through towns like Daman and Kulekhani, where you may visit and enjoy the best views .
The Prithvi Highway (पृथ्वी राजमार्ग) is 174 kilometers (108 miles) highway linking Prithivi Chowk in Pokhara and Naubise on the Tribhuvan Highway, 26 kilometers from Kathmandu. It is one of the busiest highways in Nepal.
With assistance from the Chinese government, the highway's construction began in 1967. The building was finished in 1974. The highway is named after King Prithvi Narayan Shah. Kathmandu, Dhading, Chitwan, Tanahu, and Kaski are among the five districts this highway runs through. From the Kathmandu Valley to Pokhara, the Prithvi Highway features a variety of road conditions according to the terrain it follows, the load on the roadways, and the volume of traffic it carries. The highway has two lanes and a single carriageway. Some of the most significant religious sites in Nepal, including Manakamana Mandir in Mugling, are located on the hills that border the 206 km (128 mi) section of the Prithvi Highway that runs from Kathmandu to Pokhara.
4. Araniko highway
The Araniko Highway ( अरनिको राजमार्ग) runs from Kathmandu to Kodari, which is located on the Nepal-China border 112.83 kilometers (70.11 miles) northeast of the Kathmandu Valley. The roadway has the name of Arniko, a Nepalese architect who worked in Tibet and China in the 13th century and popularized Nepalese architectural designs there.
Due to the incredibly steep slopes on each side of the road from Barabise onward, it is one of the dangerous highways in Nepal. Massive landslides and bus plunges are frequent, especially after rain. The last significant town in the Kathmandu Valley that the Araniko Highway travels through is Dhulikhel. Following that, Dhulikhel will transport you to the Palanchwok Bhagwati shrine. The Dolalghat intersection of the Indravati and Sunkoshi rivers is also reached via this roadway. Jiri, a gateway to Everest, is also reached by this roadway.
The Siddhartha Highway ( सिद्धार्थ राजमार्ग) is a significant road in Nepal that links the Terai region in the south with the mountainous region in the north. The highway is 181 kilometers long (112 mi). The highway begins at the border between Nepal and India close to Siddharthanagar and ends at Pokhara.
At Butwal, this road meets the east-west Mahendra Highway. The construction of the roadway began in 1964 and was finished in 1971.The road is named after Siddhartha Gautam (Gautama Buddha). The main towns along the highway are Siddharthanagar, Butwal, Tansen, Waling, Putalibazar, Syangja, and Pokhara. The route has roughly 34 bridges, with the longest crossing the Kali Gandaki River in Ramdi. The highway is ranked among the top five busiest in Nepal.